Situated in the province of West Java in the south of Jakarta, Cibodas Biosphere Reserve is an example of an ecosystem in the humid tropics undergoing strong human pressure.
The Gunung Gede-Pangrango National Park constitutes the core area of the biosphere reserve. It includes two twinned volcanoes and mountainous rain forests with many Javan endemic species.
The buffer zone comprises for a large part production forest, tea plantations and horticulture fields. Rice irrigation fields and human settlements mostly cover the transition area. Read more about this reserve on the UNESCO Biosphere Reserves website.